Karate is a martial art developed on the Ryuku Islands in what is now Okinawa, Japan. It was brought to the Japanese mainland in the early 20th century, and by the early 1930s many major Japanese universities adopted this discipline in their teachings. The popularity of martial arts movies in the 1960s and 1970s increased the recognition of the discipline worldwide and the martial art spread around the world. The first Karate World Championships took place in Tokyo in 1970, and 23 editions of the biggest Karate event have been held ever since. The last World Championships were celebrated in Linz (Austria) in October 2016.
Competitive Karate is formed by two modalities: Kata and Kumite. Kata referrers to a choreagraphed pattern of movements, while Kumite defines the confrontation of two competitors in a sparring mode.