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Body Building

Years of working out in gyms culminate in the posing routines by athletes who display perfectly defined, proportioned and symmetrical muscles – the reward of their long training. In women's body building the focus is not on muscle hardness, details and definition. All emphasis is put on the general view of the physique, of the muscle shape, of the levels of body fat, and on the attractive presentation on stage. Fitness and BodyFitness have recently been added to the traditional line-up of events.

 

DID YOU KNOW THAT...?

Mens sana in corpore ...

From the writings of Aristotle and Plato, there should be little dispute over the fact that ancient Olympians were fully cognizant about physical training and dietary techniques. Indeed, Socrates himself coined the phrase "mens sana in corpore sano", a sound mind in a sound body. The great strongman Eugen Sandow is credited with organizing the first "physique" competition at the Royal Albert Hall in London, England, in 1901. With none other than Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, Scottish physician and author of Sherlock Holmes, serving as one of the judges.

 

The competition ...

Like many other sports, competition day is but the culmination of many months and years of behind-the-scenes training. The athletes compete by bodyweight: six categories for men; three for women. A body building competition breaks down into two stages: Prejudging and Finals.

At Prejudging, each category presents on-stage before a panel of nine judges. During this presentation, the competitors are compared against each other while performing relaxed turns and compulsory poses: seven for men, five for women. Each judge must award each athlete a placing, from first to last, giving no two or more athletes the same placing. Two high and two low placings are then discarded. The remaining five placings are summed to produce a Prejudging subscore and placing. Ties are immediately broken. During Prejudging, the competitors are compared for muscularity (size and density), definition (cuts), proportion (shape) and symmetry (balance).

In the Finals, the top six from Prejudging are judged again by the same panel of judges. Each athlete is called on stage to perform his or her individual posing routine to music: 60 seconds for men, 90 seconds for women. This is followed by a final comparison of the compulsory poses and a posedown. Again, each judge must award each athlete a placing, from first to last, giving no two or more competitors the same placing. Two high and two low placings are then discarded. The remaining five placings are summed to produce a Finals subscore. This subscore is added to the Prejudging subscore to produce the final score and placing. The athlete with the lowest score is awarded first place. Ties are immediately broken.

BodyBuilding in The World Games ...

The International Federation of BodyBuilding and Fitness (IFBB) is a founding member of the International World Games Association (IWGA) and the sport featured on all eight editions of The World Games staged until now. After violations against the IWGA Anti-Doping Rules committed by athletes in the contingent of the IFBB during the games in 2009 Kaohsiung, the executive board decided to suspend sport from participating in The World Games 2013 Cali. The 2010 General Assembly ratified the board's decision and a challenge brought before the Court of Arbitration in Sports was denied. The IFBB is now challenged to improve further on its Anti-Doping practices in order to have the sport reinstated for future editions.

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