Ju-jitsu spread among the samurai as a way to neutralize an opponent in the Japan of the 17th century. Ju-jitsu absorbs an attack and uses its energy against the attacker. Thus the "Gentle Art" or “Art of Suppleness”, for this is the meaning of the Japanese name, does not neutralize power with power but aims to rationally absorb an attack and convert that energy to the opponent’s detriment.
In today's “Fighting System”, two athletes have two times two minutes to defeat the opponent on points or by surrender. The sparring bouts are divided into distance combat, grounding techniques and the final phase on the tatami mat.
In the “Duo System”, two collaborative jutsukas demonstrate rehearsed self-defence techniques against a series of attacks randomly called by the mat referee. These attacks cover specific scenarios: grip attack, embrace attack, hit attack, and armed attack with stick or knife.
Ju-Jitsu features in The World Games 2013; check the event calendar for details about when it is scheduled.
DID YOU KNOW THAT...?
Like the branches of a tree ...
Ju-jitsu is an ancient Japanese martial art. Its origins date back to the 16th century, when legend has it that Shirobei Akiyama witnessed how the branches of most trees broke under the heavy loads of snow and ice during a blizzard, while the elastic branches of the willow bent and efficiently freed themselves from the destructive weights.
The spread and influence of ju-jitsu ...
The golden age of ju-jitsu lasted until 1869, the year when the Emperor’s return to Japan and the subsequent abolition of feudalism caused the samurai to lose their privileged status. Samurai tradition nevertheless kept ju-jitsu alive and travelers brought the martial art to all four corners of the world.
In more recent years, the essence of other martial arts, such as judo and aikido, has developed from ju-jitsu, extracting specific aspects of its techniques.
Stages in a fight ...
The actual combat in the “Fighting System” is divided into three parts: Part I sees the jutsukas involved in distance combat and controlled attacks with arms and legs. Once a grab has been made, the fight enters Part II and hits are no longer allowed. The jutsukas try to bring one another down with various throwing techniques. Points are given according to how clean and effective the actions are judged. Once down on the tatami mats, the match enters its Part III. Here points are given for immobilization techniques, controlled strangulations or levers on body joints that bring the opponent to yield. The winner is the jutsuka who has accumulated most points during the fight. This type of competition requires timing, agility, strength and endurance.
World Games medalist Carsten Ettrup, DEN, sums up the essence of fighting in ju-jitsu. "In these combats you are simply trying to outsmart your opponent. After all, he knows the same techniques you do!"